What you need to know before you travel.

Topic – Travel tips

Level – intermediate

Warm uptravel around the world

Do you have any plans to travel overseas soon?

What are some unique characteristics of the country you want to visit?

What is something that you would like to see once in your life from another country?

Reading

If you want to travel to other countries, there are some important things that you must keep in mind. First, you may not be able to have a lot of things that you are used to having at home. Unfortunately, this may include toilet paper in the public restrooms. In some countries, toilet paper is not provided in the restroom, so keep a few packs of tissue in your pocket or purse.

You might not be able to get used to the water in a foreign place; you could experience some intestinal problems. If you brush your teeth with tap water or eat anything rinsed in tap water, you could have a problem. So, have a bottle of antacid with you just in case to treat an upset stomach. It’s also a good idea to chew an antacid tablet before you eat anything that is  prepared in a way you are not used to.

Consult with a doctor or health-care provider at a clinic before your trip. Provide them with your health information and immunization history. You should also let them know what area of the foreign country you will be visiting. This will help them know what types of vaccinations you will need for your trip. Take enough antibiotics and other prescription medications with you for the days that you will spend abroad.

Vocabulary

clinic  a place, often in a hospital, where medical treatment is given to people who do not need to stay in the hospital

immunization   the act of making something protected from a sickness, usually by vaccination

vaccination  the taking of a vaccine to protect against a certain disease

antibiotics  a drug that is used to kill bacteria and cure infections

prescriptions  a piece of paper on which a doctor writes what medicine a sick person should have, so that they can get it from a pharmacy

intestines the long tube in your body through which food passes after it leaves your stomach

Scammer  a person who takes someone’s money by tricking them

Accuse  to say that you believe someone is guilty of a crime or of doing something bad

Counterfeit  made to look exactly like something else, in order to deceive people

Questions

Do you think you are usually prepared for the possibility of getting sick in a foreign country?

Do you normally bring extras of everything on your vacation just in case you run into trouble? (ex: flight cancelled for 3 days)  Would you be able to ration what you take with you on a trip if you had to stay in that country for an extra week?

What are some things that you always bring on a vacation no matter what?

travel tips

•Research the locations that you would like to visit. Know the weather conditions so you can be prepared.
•Have the business card of your hotel on hand so you will be able to get back no matter what happens.
•Keep your passport in the safe at your hotel but bring a copy of it with you in case you need to be identified.
•Know where the major hotels and banks are so you can exchange currency or get cash from your credit card.
•Be careful about what you eat and drink, don’t be surprised if you have an upset stomach. Always buy bottled water instead of drinking tap water.

warning 2

Counterfeit currency is a major problem in some countries. Smaller bills are much safer than large ones because they are not worth counterfeiting. Scammers will swiftly swap your real bill with a fake one when you’re not paying attention and then accuse you of giving out counterfeit currency so that you’ll have to give them another bill. To be on the safe side, always exchange money at your hotel or a bank and only carry small bills!
Have a short chain connected to your belongings to stop pick-pockets. They thrive in crowded areas so always hold your things in a way that they cannot be easily taken from you. Put your wallet in your chest pocket and wear your backpack and bag in the front.

Last word World-Travel-Packing-Tips

Do you know any type of self-defense that you can use to protect yourself with?

Do you rely on credit cards heavily when you go on vacation?

Do you think that you have a strong stomach that can digest anything?

Test yourself.  Multiple choice

The doctor gave me a week of _________ to fight off the bacteria.

1.  scammers    2.  clinics    3.  antibiotics    4.  ration

Those __________ bags cost half as much as the real ones.

1.  counterfeit    2.  diarrhea    3.  intestinal    4.  immunization

My __________ has run out.  I need to have the doctor write another one.

1.  antibiotic                                 2.  scammer

3.  immunization                           4.  prescription

There are three well-known _________ who hang around the train station looking for targets.

1.  accuse    2.  scammers    3.  vaccination    4.  clinic

I have some _____________ problems, so I am always careful with what I eat.

1.  intestinal    2.  counterfeit    3.  accuse    4.  ration

The end

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Idioms with numbers

Hello ESL friends,

Have you ever heard a native English speaker using some interesting slang or idioms to express their feelings in a conversation?
For example, have you ever heard someone says he or she is “dressed to the nines”? What do you think that means?
In today’s 10 minute lesson we will be focusing on some idioms relating to numbers that many native speakers use in their daily conversations.

At the eleventh hour 

An expression used to describe something that happens when it is almost too late, or at the last possible moment.
E.g.  John never has his project ready on time. He always leaves his work until the eleventh hour.

Dressed to the nines 

An expression used when someone is wearing very smart or glamorous clothes.
E.g. Wow! Why are you dressed to the nines? Is there a special occasion or what?

First and foremost

An expression used to state what a person considers to be more important than anything else.
E.g. I would like to give gratitude to my wonderful team first and foremost because if it wasn’t for them, this marketing plan would never have achieved such great results!

Five o’clock shadow  

An expression used to refer to the stubble on a man’s face at the end of the day when he had shaved early in the morning.
E.g. Before your date, you’d better go home and shave because that five o’clock shadow looks unattractive.

Get (or catch) forty winks

An expression used to describe a short sleep or rest, generally during the day.
E.g. He normally tries to get forty winks after lunch everyday.

One in a million

An expression used to describe something rare or unique.

E.g. Receiving a promotion within your first year at a company is really a one in a million chance

Two peas in a pod 

An expression used to say that two people are very similar.
E.g. Gina and Wendy have been two peas in a pod ever since they met in elementary school.

One-upmanship

An expression used to refer to the art of gaining and keeping the advantage over other people.
E.g. Despite the fact that his one-upmanship has made him an unpleasant man to be friends with, the success he has achieved in his career is still impressive.

Writing exercises.

If you would like to practice your writing skills, you can write answers to these questions and send your answers to me.

  1. Have you ever one-upped someone?  What did you do, and how did you feel about it?
  2. Could you and any one of your friends be considered two peas in a pod?  Tell the class why you are so close.
  3. When looking for a new job, what should be done first and foremost in your opinion?
  4. Do you find it necessary to catch forty winks before an important event (such as a meeting, party, etc.)?
  5. Have you ever done something “at the eleventh hour”? Describe it to your consultant and fellow students.
Try using the idioms you’ve learned today to talk about an interesting working experience of yours.
Getting my job was a one in a million chance.  I worked very hard to one-up all of the other applicants.  For example, I got letters of recommendation from some people who were very important in the community. I also made sure to get forty winks before I went to the interview so that I could be at my best…

That’s all for now, see you back here real soon.
Scott

Note: I have adapted my 10 minute lessons from lesson plans I use with my students live online. Classes are 50 minutes long and can be done 1-1 or in small groups. For more information please visit my website www.monumentenglish.com

Register for a free demo

Expressions with Look

Hello ESL friends!           

Welcome back! Thank you for all of your support and helpful comments, I am glad you are enjoying our 10 minute lessons.
In today’s 10 minute lesson we will continue to look at some more expressions and phrasal verbs using “look”.There are many ways to use look in phrases and expressions. So let’s get started!

What is a phrasal verb?

In the English language, a phrasal verb is a verb combined with a preposition or an adverb.

Look + up/ to/ for/ about/ into/
Verb       +         Preposition                      

What is the difference between…
Look up, Look up, to Look out? Do they mean the same thing?
If not, what do you think each of them means?

The following table illustrates some of the most common phrasal verbs formed with look.

Look up to
She has always looked up to her mother. [respect]
Look into
The police are looking into the case. [investigate]
Look for
Could you help me to look for my keys, please? [try to find]
Look back on
I look back on my childhood with nostalgia. [recall]
Look up
Look it up in the dictionary. [find information in a book]
Look forward to
I’m looking forward to starting work. [expect with pleasure]
Look out
Look out, there is a car. [take care/ be careful]

Here are some more useful phrasal verbs based on look.

They are illustrated below in a business context but they can also, of course, be based in other situations.
1.Please look through the proposal and let me know what you think. [examine]
2.I’ve looked over your memo. [examine quickly]
3.Business is looking up at last. [starting to improve]
4.When you’re in Tokyo, try to look us up. [find and visit]
5.We’re looking to Russia for an increase in our sales. [depending on]
6.The company is looking ahead to a bright future. [planning for the future]

Let’s practice.                              

What words do you need to complete the sentences below?
1. I look ____ ____ that winter with some regret.
2. She has great respect for her colleagues, she doesn’t really look ___ ___ her boss.
3. You’re going to Paris? Look ___ my sister while you’re there.
4. The CIA is looking _____ the cause of the plane crash.
5. I’m sorry to hear you lost your job. I hope things will look ____ for you soon.
6. People shouldn’t look ____ the government to solve all their problems.
7. Look ___! You almost hit that lady!

Useful expressions based on look.     

Try to look on the bright side of things. [be cheerful in spite of difficulties]
He’s beginning to look his age. [appear as old as he really is]
They’re always on the lookout for new students. [search for]
I don’t like the look of those black clouds. [What I see suggests trouble ahead]
I know she’s hiding something when she won’t look me in the eye. [look directly as someone without fear or guilt]

More useful expressions based on look.

She looks down on anyone who is not good at fashion. [regard as unimportant or socially inferior*]
It’s not much to look at but it’s comfortable. [not attractive in appearance]
The office has a new look. [a fresh and more up-to-date appearance]
Look before you leap**. [Think before you act boldly***]
————————————————————–
* – characteristic of low rank or importance
**- jump
***- fearless and daring

and more…

The authorities* sometimes look the other way when there’s corruption**. [ignore]
If you ask for a raise, you’re just looking for trouble. [try to create problems]
He must have been angry. He looked daggers*** at me. [look at someone angrily]
————————————————————————
* – government
** – lack of honesty or loyalty
***- a short knife with a pointed blade used for piercing or stabbing

Match the statements or questions on the left with the responses on the right.

Try to look on the bright side. You’d better look before you leap.
Why don’t you think she’s honest? Maybe. He’s always looking for trouble.
I’m on the lookout for a new job. It’s pretty hard under the circumstances.
You have a new look! Good luck! It’s not easy to find work.
She certainly doesn’t look her age. She never looks you in the eye.
I’m going to use my life savings to start a new company. You’d never think she’s a grandmother.
I think Rob painted graffiti on the walls Yes, I’ve changed my hair style.

Replace the underlined expressions with one of the phrasal verbs. 

1.The garden isn’t very attractive now, but it’s beautiful in the summer.
2.You’d better be careful, or someone might take advantage of you.
3.Try to remain optimistic if you possibly can.
4.Unfortunately, many people regard the homeless as inferior.
5.Have you had a chance to examine the job application?
6.She didn’t want to get involved, so she ignored the situation.

Well, maybe longer than 10 minutes, but a great way to build your vocabulary list.

See you again soon.

Scott

Note: I have adapted my 10 minute lessons from lesson plans I use with my students live online. Classes are 50 minutes long and can be done 1-1 or in small groups. For more information please visit my website www.monumentenglish.com

Register for a free demo

Confusing words – Bring and Take

Hi ESL learners! I hope you are all well.  Here’s something for the weekend!

In this 10 minute lesson we are going to look at some errors that are so common, they often go undetected in casual conversation. However, if you are one who takes pride in knowing and using the correct words, it would be worth taking a few minutes to understand the proper use of the following two cases. In this way, you can write those résumés and business letters with confidence. Let’s get started!

Bring and Take

Bring and take both describe the action of moving something from one place to another. However, the correct use of either one depends on knowing whether you want to emphasize action towards or away from a location. The location of the speaker can also influence which word you will use.
For example,
•If the item is being moved towards the speaker’s location, the correct verb would be “bring”.
•If the item is being moved away from the speaker’s location, the correct verb is now “take”.

Examples

Bring me my jacket, please.

This sentence makes it clear that the jacket is being brought towards the speaker’s location.

I’m going to take the dog to the veterinarian’s office.

This sentence tells us that the dog is being moved away from the speaker’s current location, towards a different location (the veterinarian’s office).

Affect and Effect

Except in very specific situations, affect and effect are different in that one is a verb and the other is a noun.
Affect (v.) describes how something modifies something else.
Example: How will his lack of studying affect his grades? His grades will be affected, or changed, because he did not study.
Effect (n.) describes the outcome or result of an action or event.
Example: Having the class brainstorm before writing a test had a very good effect on the students’ grades.

A Tip

If you can replace “affect” with “change”, it is correct.
If you can replace “effect” with “result”, it is also correct!
This is because each replacement word is the same part of speech as the word it substitutes. The sentence will still make sense!

Fill in the Blanks!

  1.  _______ your dog to my office next week for another checkup.
  2.  The rain will not ________ my horse’s performance in the race.
  3.  A lack of sleep will certainly have a bad ________ on your ability to focus.
  4. Students, can you please ________ a book to school tomorrow?
  5.  Please ______ out a sheet of paper to begin the test.
  6. You should ______ the compass from your desk when you go camping.
  7.  Should the friendliness of a waiter ________ the tip you leave him?
  8.  Can I ________ my friend over for supper tomorrow?
  9.  Remember to __________ a snack if you _________ your niece to the park.
  10.  Watching too much T.V. can have a negative ________ on children.

Send me your answers, I’m happy to correct them for you.

Have a great weekend!

Scott

Note: I have adapted my 10 minute lessons from lesson plans I use with my students live online. Classes are 50 minutes long and can be done 1-1 or in small groups. For more information please visit my website www.monumentenglish.com or if you would like a free demo please register here. http://www.monumentenglish.com/register