What you need to know before you travel.

Topic – Travel tips

Level – intermediate

Warm uptravel around the world

Do you have any plans to travel overseas soon?

What are some unique characteristics of the country you want to visit?

What is something that you would like to see once in your life from another country?

Reading

If you want to travel to other countries, there are some important things that you must keep in mind. First, you may not be able to have a lot of things that you are used to having at home. Unfortunately, this may include toilet paper in the public restrooms. In some countries, toilet paper is not provided in the restroom, so keep a few packs of tissue in your pocket or purse.

You might not be able to get used to the water in a foreign place; you could experience some intestinal problems. If you brush your teeth with tap water or eat anything rinsed in tap water, you could have a problem. So, have a bottle of antacid with you just in case to treat an upset stomach. It’s also a good idea to chew an antacid tablet before you eat anything that is  prepared in a way you are not used to.

Consult with a doctor or health-care provider at a clinic before your trip. Provide them with your health information and immunization history. You should also let them know what area of the foreign country you will be visiting. This will help them know what types of vaccinations you will need for your trip. Take enough antibiotics and other prescription medications with you for the days that you will spend abroad.

Vocabulary

clinic  a place, often in a hospital, where medical treatment is given to people who do not need to stay in the hospital

immunization   the act of making something protected from a sickness, usually by vaccination

vaccination  the taking of a vaccine to protect against a certain disease

antibiotics  a drug that is used to kill bacteria and cure infections

prescriptions  a piece of paper on which a doctor writes what medicine a sick person should have, so that they can get it from a pharmacy

intestines the long tube in your body through which food passes after it leaves your stomach

Scammer  a person who takes someone’s money by tricking them

Accuse  to say that you believe someone is guilty of a crime or of doing something bad

Counterfeit  made to look exactly like something else, in order to deceive people

Questions

Do you think you are usually prepared for the possibility of getting sick in a foreign country?

Do you normally bring extras of everything on your vacation just in case you run into trouble? (ex: flight cancelled for 3 days)  Would you be able to ration what you take with you on a trip if you had to stay in that country for an extra week?

What are some things that you always bring on a vacation no matter what?

travel tips

•Research the locations that you would like to visit. Know the weather conditions so you can be prepared.
•Have the business card of your hotel on hand so you will be able to get back no matter what happens.
•Keep your passport in the safe at your hotel but bring a copy of it with you in case you need to be identified.
•Know where the major hotels and banks are so you can exchange currency or get cash from your credit card.
•Be careful about what you eat and drink, don’t be surprised if you have an upset stomach. Always buy bottled water instead of drinking tap water.

warning 2

Counterfeit currency is a major problem in some countries. Smaller bills are much safer than large ones because they are not worth counterfeiting. Scammers will swiftly swap your real bill with a fake one when you’re not paying attention and then accuse you of giving out counterfeit currency so that you’ll have to give them another bill. To be on the safe side, always exchange money at your hotel or a bank and only carry small bills!
Have a short chain connected to your belongings to stop pick-pockets. They thrive in crowded areas so always hold your things in a way that they cannot be easily taken from you. Put your wallet in your chest pocket and wear your backpack and bag in the front.

Last word World-Travel-Packing-Tips

Do you know any type of self-defense that you can use to protect yourself with?

Do you rely on credit cards heavily when you go on vacation?

Do you think that you have a strong stomach that can digest anything?

Test yourself.  Multiple choice

The doctor gave me a week of _________ to fight off the bacteria.

1.  scammers    2.  clinics    3.  antibiotics    4.  ration

Those __________ bags cost half as much as the real ones.

1.  counterfeit    2.  diarrhea    3.  intestinal    4.  immunization

My __________ has run out.  I need to have the doctor write another one.

1.  antibiotic                                 2.  scammer

3.  immunization                           4.  prescription

There are three well-known _________ who hang around the train station looking for targets.

1.  accuse    2.  scammers    3.  vaccination    4.  clinic

I have some _____________ problems, so I am always careful with what I eat.

1.  intestinal    2.  counterfeit    3.  accuse    4.  ration

The end

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A siesta on the job?

sleeping on the job

My new series of postings are for both teachers and students to use in conversational classes.  You’ll find that all the themes are relevant, interesting, informative and most of all enjoyable.

Topic – Business

Level – intermediate

Lets Talk!

1)   Do you often feel tired and sleepy at work?  What do you think causes this? What do you do to perk yourself up?
2)   Does your company have strict rules about sleeping on the job?  What is your opinion on this?
3)   If you were a business owner, would you ever consider giving your employees time to take a nap? Why or why not?
Vocabulary
 Infraction – (n) an act of breaking a rule or law

 Domino effect – (n) a chain reaction; a series of events quickly following each other, each of which causes the next one

Unsanctioned –  (adj) without permission

Siesta – (n) a midday or afternoon rest or nap, esp. as taken in Spain and Latin America

Reap – (v) to get something as a result of what you have done before

Sleeping on the job coffee break

When employees take a coffee break, most companies don’t really mind. However, if employees take a short sleep break, they’ll probably get terminated. Yes, sleeping on the job is usually a major infraction.

However, it has been discovered that napping actually boosts creativity and alertness, which has a remarkable domino effect on the things the person does after his/her nap. So, if employees were permitted to take a 20 – 30 minute nap in the afternoon, in theory, they could be more productive. Of course, nowadays there are very few companies that allow napping on the job.

How long is your lunch break? Do you take a nap during your lunch time? Why or why not?

Sleeping on the job

Still, according to reports, napping that is unsanctioned – or sleeping on the job – in fact costs businesses in the U.S. about $17 billion annually in lost production.

But then, studies also reveal that tired employees cost businesses up to $140 billion each year in lost production.

These findings now raise the question: When is an acceptable hour or place for an employee to get some sleep, and when is it unacceptable?

In many European countries, like Spain, and so too in several Latin American nations, an afternoon nap or siesta is actually considered normal. Local shops even close for an hour or two during the afternoon.

A nap recharges the mind and body as well as provides that extra push needed to make a day productive, which is both a benefit to the employee and the employer.

Still, only 1 percent of American companies allow napping at work. That’s indeed a shame knowing all the benefits an employee reaps after napping. Companies like Nova, Nike, and Gould Evans Goodman Associates permit in-the-office siestas and they are very smart to do so.

Questions coffee
1)How do you feel after taking a nap? What do you think about businesses in Latin America actually closing at midday to allow employees to take a siesta?
2) Think about the amount of the work that gets done in your office around midday.  Do you think that businesses in your country would benefit from closing at midday?
3) When is an acceptable hour or place for an employee to get some sleep and when is it unacceptable?
More Vocabulary
Pre-frontal cortex – (n) the front part of the brain’s frontal lobe

Wind down – (ph.v) to reduce gradually

Tabilize –  (v) to keep something at the same level

Grogginess – (n) the state of feeling weak or dizzy, especially because of illness or overindulgence (excess)

Turnover – (n) the rate at which people leave a company and are replaced

Absenteeism – (n) regular lack of attendance at work or some other place without good reasons

Stigma – (n) the shame or disgrace attached to something regarded as socially unacceptable

What’s a power nap? power nap

A “power nap” is simply a brief nap of 20 to 30 minutes during the middle of the day .  Usually at this time,  the brain’s prefrontal cortex experiences a winding down of activity. This short nap helps stabilize the brain’s activity because it provides relaxation and rest.

However, one must be careful not to exceed the 30 minute sleep or else one will enter a “deep sleep”. If you wake up in the middle of a deep sleep, you can experience inertia, the feeling of grogginess.

Recent studies suggest that power naps offer a lot of benefits like improved concentration, increased work productivity, better moods, and lowered stress.

According to The National Sleep Foundation, tired employees can be prone to:
• increased accidents and errors
• increased absenteeism
• increased  employee turnover

The obvious benefits of siestas can not be taken for granted.  It appears that many businesses could benefit from allowing nap breaks.

However, there is no need to form a rule that sets terms for napping in the office.  It’s just a matter of removing the stigma linked with power napping.

Agree or disagree question mark man

By allowing employees to take power naps, what companies lose in time, they can make up for in increased productivity.

The end.
If you enjoyed this lesson then you’ll love our online lessons. In real time, mother tongue English teachers, 1-1 or in small groups using WizIQ interactive classrooms. Visit our website and sign up for a free demo lesson.

Register for a free demo