Online lessons ” English for nursing”, 1-1 or in groups


Monument English is pleased to announce a new partnership with Simply Health Recruitment – a leading healthcare recruitment agency specializing in international Hiring.

As well as  recruitment of  nurses and doctors for  UK and Northern Ireland, Monument English holds specialized online English courses for nurses and doctors  needing  to improve their English. Our services include language screening, teaching, language test preparation and test facilitation. Monument English  has firmly established itself as a specialist provider of medical English to healthcare professionals across Europe.

Our Nursing course is designed to improve the communication skills and specialist English language knowledge of healthcare professionals, enabling them to work more confidently and effectively. With an emphasis on listening and speaking, the course covers core areas of nursing such as patient admission, taking medical specimens, patient handover, post-operation assessment and discharge planning. Authentic tasks and activities based on everyday nursing scenarios – from dealing with patients in pain to discussing lifestyle changes – make the course relevant and motivating. 

For more information or to have a free demo lesson and English assessment, contact us! or

How to give a speech

Topic – Business

Level – B1

Warm up Photo of Martin Luther King Jr. Orator

What is your biggest fear?

How do you help yourself deal with your fear?

If hypnotism could help you forget your fear, would you be willing to try it?

Public Speaking

The number one fear that most people share is public speaking. Some people would rather die than speak in front of a crowd. About one in every 5 people has a fear of speaking in front of a group. The biggest issue with this fear is that public speaking is a very common thing in our society and it’s hard to get away from doing it.

When people have to speak on a stage, they get nervous and get butterflies in their stomach. Their palms start to sweat and their knees tremble. They can hear their own wavering voice, further making them feel self-conscious.

Questionsmartin l

Have you ever spoken in front of a lot of people? Share your experience.

How do you usually prepare for giving a speech?

What do you think is the most difficult thing to do when giving a speech?


self-conscious – worried and embarrassed about what you look like or what other people think of you

jargon  -words and expressions used in a particular profession or by a particular group of people, which are difficult for other people to understand

acronym – a word made up from the first letters of the name of something, such as an organization; for example, NATO is an acronym for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization

conservative – not very modern; traditional

funeral – a religious ceremony for someone who has died

periodically – happening a number of times, usually at regular times

elaborate – to give more details or new information about something

gesture – a movement of part of your body, especially your hands or head, to show what you mean or how you feel

Knowing the-kings-speech-movie-photo-01

Whenever you have to give a speech, make sure you know the subject that you are going to talk about very well. This way you will not be surprised by any questions that your audience throws at you. If you feel like there are areas of the topic which are unfamiliar to you, then have someone who is more knowledgeable help you prepare.

Unless you are sure that your audience is familiar with the subject you are talking about, don’t allow your speech to be full of jargon or acronyms. Only go into technical details when you are explaining a question, or you will bore your audience to death.


Have you ever had a very awkward moment during one of your speeches? What happened?

Have you ever given a speech without preparing for it first?  What was the result?

What are some things you can do to help you remember your speech when you are on stage?

Preparation steve-jobs-speech-techniques-588x391

It’s very important to know about the crowd that you will be speaking to. You will understand better what to say and what not to say by researching the type of audience you will have. For example, if you were speaking at a conservative funeral, you wouldn’t crack any jokes or otherwise try to be funny, would you?

Place a friend or colleague in the audience to help your confidence. You can periodically look at them instead of staring blankly into a sea of unfamiliar faces.

Small details

Your speech should be divided into 3 parts: an introduction, body, and conclusion. Don’t simply read through your speech; instead, have bullet points and elaborate on them. Remember to insert reminders in your notes like “look up” or “make eye contact.” It’s okay to use your hands when giving a speech; body gestures will make your speech livelier.

Get to know the equipment that you will be dealing with so you will understand how everything works. That way, if there is a problem, you won’t panic and you’ll know what to do to fix it.

Questions speech

What types of equipment are commonly used by people who are giving a speech? What are the pros and cons of these pieces of equipment?

How do you feel when the speaker you are listening to just reads his/her notes and never looks at the audience?

Do you have any good tips about public speaking that you can share with us?

Multiple choice

I can never understand Jeff when he starts using _______ to talk about computer programming.

1.  acronym    2.  funeral    3.  jargon    4.  self-conscious

I always feel _________ about my height when I stand around tall people.

1.  conservative                               2.  periodically

3.  self-conscious                            4.  funeral

Her body _______ were telling me to leave the room as soon as I could.

1.  gestures    2.  elaborate    3.  periodically    4.  acronym

Can you please _________ a little more on the subject of public speaking skills?

1.  elaborate    2.  self-conscious    3.  periodically    4.  acronym

I don’t like to go to _________, they always make me feel depressed.

1.  conservative    2.  gestures    3.  funerals    4.  jargon

The end

If you enjoyed this lesson then you’ll love our online lessons. Held in real time, with mother tongue English teachers, 1-1 or in small groups using WizIQ interactive classrooms. Visit our website and sign up for a free demo lesson.

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Using idioms in business

yes man

Topic -Business idioms

Level – Intermediate

Whether we like it or not, the English speaking workplace is overflowing with idioms. Are you trying to “climb the corporate ladder”? Is the “rat race” making you crazy? If your project is in trouble, who will “bail you out”? Will you “pass the buck” if your project fails?Confused? You’re not alone. Read on about the meanings and origins of some of the most common business idioms.

Meanings corporate ladder

Climb the corporate ladder – to move up in the hierarchy of a corporation.
Rat race – the fierce struggle for success in the world of business.
Bail someone out – to rescue someone from trouble or difficulty.
Pass the Buck – to blame someone or make them responsible for something you should deal with yourself.
Now let’s look at some more idioms that you can use in business settings!

Bite the bullet bite the bullet

-to make yourself do or accept something that is difficult or unpleasant.
Example: When the economy began to worsen, many executives bit the bullet and took a pay cut
History: This idiom dates back to earlier periods in the military when patients on the battlefield would have to bite down on a bullet to distract them from a painful surgery with no anesthetic.

Brownie pointsbrownnose

-recognition or praise for doing something good or for giving a compliment to someone in authority (such as your boss)

Example: Martha scored brownie points with her team leader when she offered to stay late and finish the project.

History: The Brownies are the youngest members of the Girl Scouts organization, in which girls do good deeds to earn badges (for example, helping the elderly). This phrase is sometimes used negatively to describe a suck-up.


How do you deal with coworkers who focus more on scoring brownie points than on the actual quality or amount of their work?
Can you give an example of a time when you had to bite the bullet at work?  What was the outcome?
Have you ever had to bail a coworker or superior out?  What had he/she done, and what did you do to save him/her?

Jump the gunjump the gun

-to begin to do something before you should (for example, before you have all of the information required to make a good decision or take the correct action)
Example: Mark really jumped the gun when he accused Larry of stealing his marketing ideas! It turns out that Larry proposed that advertising campaign over a month ago.
History: In a track and field race, a small gun – called a “starter’s pistol” – is fired to tell the runners when to begin. If a runner leaves the starting line before the gun is fired, he has “jumped the gun.”

Pull the plugpull_the_plug

-to stop an activity or project, especially if it is prohibited or if it is not succeeding

Example:  When the boss found out that the project was $40 million over budget, he pulled the plug and fired the project manager.

History: This expression is believed to refer to one of two different actions. First, if the plug for an electrical appliance is removed from the wall, the appliance will no longer work (it stops). Secondly, in the 19th century, some of the first toilets in use had a plug. This plug was removed to flush the toilet.

Down to the wiredown to the wire

-until the very last moment that it is possible to do something (note: the phrase “the 11th hour” is very similar – it means “the last minute”)

Example: Our end of the year report is due at 4:00 pm today. I was out sick all week with the flu, so now I’m really going to have to work down to the wire.

History: This term comes from the sport of equestrian racing. In the 19th century, a wire above the finish line was used to decide who the winner of a close race was. If two horses were very close together at the end of the race, it was said to be “down to the wire” (the one who touched it first was the winner).


If you see a business situation deteriorating quickly, do you think it’s a better idea to pull the plug on the project yourself or pass the buck to someone else? Why?
Give an example of a time when a well known company jumped the gun.
Do you prefer to finish things early or do you normally work down to the wire?

Compare apples to orangesapples and organges

-to compare two things that are not similar, making the comparison worthless

Example: You can’t compare Japan’s economy to the economy of the U.S. It’s like comparing apples to oranges!

Note: If you wanted to compare two things that are very similar, you would say “compare apples to apples.”

For example: For today’s meeting, I think it’s important to compare apples to apples. We should compare this month’s sales figures to the sales figures from the same month last year.

Yes manyes man

-someone who always agrees with everything that an authority figure (such as a boss, teacher, parent, etc.) proposes

Example: Bob is such a yes man; there’s no way he’ll ever disagree with his manager.

Note: As you can imagine, the term “yes man” comes from the fact that some people will always say “yes” to their bosses, teachers, etc. in order to be well liked by those people.

Larry will never tell his boss how he really feels about this project.  He’s just a __________________.
I told Mary to cancel Saturday’s party because I had a business meeting scheduled, but I ____________________ because the day after I talked to her, the meeting was cancelled.
The proposal is due in three hours! You’re really working ________________________, aren’t you?
I guess Jenny’s not going to make it into work today.  Looks like I’ll have to _______________ and do the presentation for her, even though I don’t know much about it.
There’s not enough money for the project, so the boss is _________________________________.
Do you know anymore useful business idioms? Why not leave an example in the comments box.
If you enjoyed this lesson then you’ll love our online lessons. Held in real time, with mother tongue English teachers, 1-1 or in small groups using WizIQ interactive classrooms. Visit our website and sign up for a free demo lesson.

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How to ace an interview

Topic-Business Interview


This is the scenario

interview group

It’s been a while since you lost your job.  After a long time of self-pitying and distress due to financial difficulties and pressure from your surroundings, you’ve finally decided to get into gear and set out to find a new job opportunity.

However, no matter what position you try to obtain, the pressure to perform well at the interview causes extreme anxiety that cripples your performance.

Before the interview begins

Does the thought of going on a job interview cause you to panic?
What do you do to help lessen your anxiety?
What are the basic DOs and DON’Ts in a job interview?  Name three of each.
What was the worst blunder you’ve ever committed in an interview? Briefly describe what happened.
What kind of interviewer intimidates you the most?

Now interview handshake 2

After a couple of failures, you’ve now learned to get yourself more prepared for upcoming interviews.

You’ve had your best friend and your family members pretend to be recruiters, and you’ve rehearsed all of the most frequently asked questions and answers. You’ve taken a practice run to the location where you are having the interview and know approximately how long it will take you to get there. You look presentable in impeccable attire. So, what next?


The following are some of the toughest questions you will face in a job interview.  Some may seem rather simple on the surface and could have a variety of answers.

With your classmates, practice answering the questions and decide which ones you consider to be the toughest. After you’re done, point out the strongest/weakest parts of the answers your classmates have given.

Tell me about yourself. Interaction
What do you know about our organization and why do you want to work for us?
What can you do for us that someone else can’t ?
What is your greatest weakness?
Have you ever had a conflict with a boss or co-worker?  How was it resolved?
How has your education prepared you for your career?
How long would it take you to make a meaningful contribution to our firm?
Why did you leave your last job? What did you think of your last boss?
What are your salary expectations?
Why should we hire you?

Useful advice

There are numerous reasons why people fail to land a job after they’ve had their interviews.

Oftentimes, when interviewees are asked to tell the interviewers about themselves, they feel that they should talk about their personal lives and hobbies, instead of seeing this as an opportunity to sell themselves by pointing out their qualifications with conviction.

Be positive during the job interview when asked why you left your previous job.  Indeed, your last boss may have been a jerk whose main concern was making your life miserable, but never bash an ex-employer in front of your prospective employer.

You may state that you decided to look for a company with room for growth and where you can better utilize your skills. Remember, although honesty is admirable, trash-talking is absolutely despicable.  After all, who would want to hire someone who only seems good at badmouthing their former bosses?

Turn the table interview-tips

If you were a recruiter, which of the following answers would be the worst things to hear from prospective candidates? Choose your top three and explain why.

I’ll work for free just to get my foot in the door.
I’m sorry I’m late, but I have great reasons for it.
To be honest, I know nothing about this company.
Do I have to work overtime? Because I seriously don’t do that.
I left my old job because my boss was an idiot.
I left my old job because there was too much office drama and I just couldn’t handle all that work anymore.
Nine to five? Boy, that sure takes the best part out of the day!
Speaking of my weaknesses, I’ve been told that I’m really slow when handling new things.  But I’m definitely willing to try.
How many vacation days do we get?  How about extra employee benefits?
The reason why I want to work here is because I don’t know much about the industry and I feel that this will be a great opportunity for me to learn.


When you’re asked to describe a weakness, try to aim for a weakness that works to your prospective boss’s advantage, such as “I am a workaholic, and I can’t stand leaving work undone.”

It’s also important to remember that employers don’t want employees that don’t contribute or give input. This can be reflected through the way you interact during the interview.  Words such as “Um..”, “ I’m not sure”, “ I don’t know”, or even “ No, I don’t have any questions for you” are telling the interviewer that you don’t have a clue about that company, and at the same time you’re showing a lack of interest.  Having a few questions in your pocket could make you more confident and prepared, especially in moments when the conversation is not flowing smoothly.

One last thing

No matter how the interview turns out, it’s really the effort that counts.  You won’t fret when you’re well prepared. Bring up your achievements that will make you the very best candidate for the position. The key is to focus on your achievable objectives and what you are doing to reach those objectives.
When dealing with questions that are related to your behavioral reactions to conflicts or problems, try to provide examples that reflect your calmness and your ability to resolve problems.


pity  to feel sorry for someone because they are in a very bad situation
distress  suffering and problems caused by a lack of money, food, etc.
cripple  to damage something badly so that it no longer works or is no longer effective
impeccable  without any faults and impossible to criticize
conviction  the feeling of being sure about something and having no doubts
despicable  extremely bad, immoral, or cruel
badmouth  to criticize someone or something
fret  to worry about something, especially when there is no need to
The end
If you enjoyed this lesson then you’ll love our online lessons. Held in real time, with mother tongue English teachers, 1-1 or in small groups using WizIQ interactive classrooms. Visit our website and sign up for a free demo lesson.

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Phrasal verbs-work work work

Many common English idioms, phrases, and proverbs include the word work. Read through some of my favorites and see if you can follow.BeforeWorkAfterWork

Work (one’s way) into something

Meaning # 1: To slowly get into a space that is small and tight.

The glue gradually worked its way into the crack in the table

Meaning # 2: To slowly get more deeply involved in something.

Soon, I’ll work my way into my confusing new position at my job. It’s a difficult job, but I’ll get it.

Work (one’s way) through something.the-graduate

Meaning # 1: To earn money to put yourself through some kind of advanced education.

Sue worked her way through law school as a bartender.

Meaning # 2: To figure out something complicated. Confused

I worked through the detailed application process slowly.

Meaning # 3: To struggle with some emotional or physical pain.

Andy had to work through his crippling depression after his wife died.

After I broke my ankle, I had to work through six months of grueling physical therapy.

All in a day’s work. Clock. 24/7 avaliable.

Meaning: This phrase is used when describing typical or normal tasks that are to be expected in a run-of-the-mill day.

When I became a mother I knew that doing laundry and washing dishes would be all in a day’s work.

All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. Bored-office-worker

Meaning: This proverb makes it clear that it is not healthy or wise for a person to work all the time and never take the time to relax.

Wayne shouldn’t work too many overtime hours. He should remember that all work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.

Go/ run like clockwork. run-like-clockwork

Meaning: To happen exactly as planned; to progress dependably and consistently.

The subway system in Seoul, South Korea runs like clockwork.

Many hands make light work.HANDS

Meaning: This proverb tells us that if everyone helps with a large task, the project will be completed quicker and it will be easier for everyone in the long run.

Let’s all help to clean up Marsha’s house after the big party – many hands make light work, after all!

Throw a monkey wrench into the works. monkey_wrench

Meaning: To cause a problem in a plan.

When my application for a mortgage got declined, that really threw a monkey wrench into the works of my house hunting plans.

The devil finds work for idle hands. devil

Meaning: Inactive or lazy people are more likely to do things they should not.

If you’re bored, you should find something constructive to do, because the devil finds work for idle hands.


Vocabulary Word


diligence persistent effort to complete a task.
gradually little by little; slowly
crippling causing injury; damaging
grueling exhausting; very tiring
dull uninteresting; causing boredom
wise wise decisions and actions are sensible and based on good judgment
dependable capable of being relied on
mortgage a loan of money to buy a home
idle not active; unemployed
constructive something that is useful
Note: I have adapted this  lesson from lesson plans I use with my students live online. Classes are 50 minutes long and can be done 1-1 or in small groups. For more information please visit my website

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The future in the past

Hello friends, I thought we could start the week with a little grammar rule. Did you have to change your plans over the weekend? This is how you can express it.

Sentence construction using  “was/were going to”

I was going to eat out, but I didn’t have enough money….

There has been a change of plans….

Was there ever something you wanted to do very badly, but something else came up and prevented you from doing what you wanted to do?

What were you going to do at that time?

What changed your mind or stopped you from it?

We use “was/were going to” to describe events that were supposed to happen but didn’t.

ex.    I was going to graduate school last year, but I couldn’t leave my friends behind.

ex.    He was going to apply for this new job, but he realized that he didn’t have enough work experience for the position.

I was going to….but….

I had planned everything for last week.  I was going to go hiking on Monday, do house chores on Tuesday, have dinner with my friends on Wednesday, go fishing on Thursday, do my homework on Friday, wash my car on Saturday and sleep all day on Sunday.

However, none of these things happened because I was informed by my superior that I had to work for another week before taking my vacation.

Please complete the following….

Peter was going to find a job after graduating school….

Mary and Jack were going to get married this summer….
Josh was going to report his friend’s unlawful activity to the boss….

Of course, if you want to add more information to your statement, you can do that using other subordinating conjunctions.

ex.    I was going to go hiking yesterday but it didn’t happen because my mother was sick and I needed to take care of her.

ex.    Peter was going to go to Australia last Monday but all the flights on that day were cancelled because the weather conditions on that day were bad.

Please complete the following, and this time try to support the statement with reasons.

Eric was going to go to New York but….because….
Sam was going to throw a birthday party for his brother but….because….
Daniel was going to be promoted to manager last Tuesday but….because….
Leave your answer


1. A: Is John coming to our party?

B: He ______________________, but he _______________________ a babysitter for his children. (can’t find)

2. A: Are you cooking dinner tonight?

B: I ________________________ until the power ________________ out. (go)

3. A: Is your son going to university?

    B: He ______________________, but he ___________________ to take a year off and travel first. (decide)

4. A: Is the teacher going to stay after class?

B: He _______________________, but he ___________________ out he had a meeting to go to later. (find)

5. A: Are your friends going to sell their house?

B: They ______________________ until the real estate market ___________________. (crash)

6. A: Are you going to buy a new tablet?

B: Well, I ____________________________ buy a new iPad until I __________________ my job. (lose)

7. A: What are Scott and Victoria doing tonight?

B: They ____________________ see a film, but instead they _____________ reservations at a restaurant. (make)

8. A: Did the plumber come to fix the toilet today.

B: He _________________________ come this morning, but his truck _____________________ down. (break)

9. A: Did the children do their homework yet?

B: They ___________________________do it until Uncle Bob __________________ by for a surprise visit. (come)

10. A: Have I paid the credit card bill yet this month? I can’t remember.

B: No, you didn’t. You said you ______________________ wait until you _____________________. (get paid)

Note: I have adapted this grammar lesson from lesson plans I use with my students live online. Classes are 50 minutes long and can be done 1-1 or in small groups. For more information please visit my website

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Idioms:Head and Hair

Head & Hair

In today’s 10 minute lesson, we are going to look at some new idioms we can use in our general conversation.

Do you know any English idioms connected with the body? In this lesson, you’re going to learn some idiomatic phrases using the head and hair.

It’s like banging your head against a brick wall.

In English, if you try to do something over and over and you never succeed, you can describe the experience as banging your head against a brick wall.

He has got his head in the clouds.

In English, if someone is always thinking about their hopes and dreams and not paying attention to the real world, we can say “he’s got his head in the clouds”.

She has her head screwed on right.

In English, if someone has very good judgment and is able to make good decisions, we say that they have their head screwed on right.

Read Sara’s story to see how the idioms are used.

Sara, Singapore

I am a journalist for a local newspaper. I’ve been working on one project recently that I’m having a hard time finishing.  Everyday I feel like I’m just banging my head against a brick wall! No matter how I write the story, I just don’t like how it sounds.  Perhaps I’m having trouble because my head has been in the clouds for the past week.  I keep imagining that I’ll be offered a promotion!  Of course, if my boss thinks that my head isn’t screwed on right, I’ll never get a promotion.  I’d better get to work!

Do you have any similar experiences to Sara’s?

I let my hair down.

In English, if you act more relaxed than you normally are and enjoy yourself, you can say that you let your hair down.

She’s always getting in my hair.

In English, if someone is bothering or annoying you, you can say that they are in your hair.

I’m tearing my hair out.

In English, if we are very anxious or upset about something we can say “I am tearing my hair out.”

Read Sean’s story to see how the idioms are used.

Last weekend, I decided to let my hair down with a couple of friends.  I was under a lot of pressure at work, and I just needed some time to relax.  Although I had fun, sometimes when I go out with my friends I just feel like tearing my hair out!  First of all, James couldn’t decide where to go, so we drove around the city for 3 hours!  Then, when we finally found a good place, Dave kept asking me for money because he had forgotten his wallet.  No matter where I went I couldn’t get him out of my hair.  In the end though, I was able to enjoy myself because, at the very least, it was better than being at work!

Try using the idioms in a sentence and send me your answers.

It’s like banging your head against a brick wall.
He has got his head in the clouds.
She has her head screwed on right.
I let my hair down.
She’s always getting in my hair.
I’m tearing my hair out.

Note: I have adapted my 10 minute lessons from lesson plans I use with my students live online. Classes are 50 minutes long and can be done 1-1 or in small groups. For more information please visit my website

Register for a free demo

Expressions with Get

Welcome ESL friends! 

Today’s 10 minute lesson will focus on one of the most confusing words in the English dictionary.
There are so many ways to use get in phrases and expressions. Today we’ll look at a few of them.

Can you explain the meaning of underlined words?

I really don’t get him sometimes. His questions get me all the time. He always asks me to get him something or get him home after work. I guess it is because he is getting older. Don’t get me wrong. I like the man. You will too, once you get to know him. Oh, I think I can hear the phone ringing. I think I’d better get that.

Get is used frequently is spoken English. It has the following meanings:

 buy, receive, or obtain something, e.g. Please get me a cup of coffee.
 change one’s position- move or be moved,e.g. How are you going to get home?
 change one’s state- become or make, e.g. I feel like I am getting older.

Get also has many other specific meanings

She doesn’t get it. [understand]
His questions really get me sometimes. [annoy, irritate*]
I’ll get the phone.
You will like him, once you get to know him. [gradually begin to know]

More phrasal verbs with get

Phrasal verb Meaning Example
Get along with sb To have a good relationship with someone John gets a long with his boss very well.
Get at Reach, find I hope after talking to her, we will get at the truth.
Get away with Do something wrong without being caught Tom got away with all his mistakes by blaming someone else.
Get along manage How did we ever get along without a nanny.
Get behind Fail to produce something at the right time After being sick I got behind completing  my project.
Get by Manage financially Nowadays it’s so hard to get by on just one income
Get down Depressed I always get down on cold winter days.
Get down to Direct your attention to I think it’s time to get down to business.
Get out of Avoid responsibility Don’t try to get out of doing the dishes. It’s your turn.
Get over Recover from It took me 7 days to get over my flu.
Get through Come to a successful end Finally we are getting through all of these problems.
Get off Finish or leave What time will you get off work tonight?

You try

1.She got __________ all the interviews and was offered the job.
2.You’re still sneezing! Haven’t you gotten _______ that cold yet?
3.We get _______ only because we live very economically.
4.He doesn’t get _______ well with his coworkers. No one likes his attitude.
5.I need to work overtime. I don’t want to get ______ with the project.
6.What time are you getting ____ work tonight?

Here are some common expressions based on get 

He got out of bed on the wrong side today. [be in a bad mood]

The meeting got off to a good/ bad start. [start well/ badly]

We’re having a little get-together. I hope you all can come. [informal social meeting]

I really enjoy getting rid of useless stuff while cleaning. [throw away, destroy

I’m afraid she’s going to get back at me someday. [take revenge]

After all this discussion, we’ve gotten nowhere. [make no progress, waste time]

One more time

1.I would hate to get rid of ___________ .
2.The dinner got off to a bad start when ___________ .
3.I find it very hard to get down to __________ .
4.I wish I could get out of ____________ .
5.________ is really getting me down.

That’s all for today.

Enjoy your study.


Note: I have adapted my 10 minute lessons from lesson plans I use with my students live online. Classes are 50 minutes long and can be done 1-1 or in small groups. For more information please visit my website 

Register for a free demo

Confusing words – Bring and Take

Hi ESL learners! I hope you are all well.  Here’s something for the weekend!

In this 10 minute lesson we are going to look at some errors that are so common, they often go undetected in casual conversation. However, if you are one who takes pride in knowing and using the correct words, it would be worth taking a few minutes to understand the proper use of the following two cases. In this way, you can write those résumés and business letters with confidence. Let’s get started!

Bring and Take

Bring and take both describe the action of moving something from one place to another. However, the correct use of either one depends on knowing whether you want to emphasize action towards or away from a location. The location of the speaker can also influence which word you will use.
For example,
•If the item is being moved towards the speaker’s location, the correct verb would be “bring”.
•If the item is being moved away from the speaker’s location, the correct verb is now “take”.


Bring me my jacket, please.

This sentence makes it clear that the jacket is being brought towards the speaker’s location.

I’m going to take the dog to the veterinarian’s office.

This sentence tells us that the dog is being moved away from the speaker’s current location, towards a different location (the veterinarian’s office).

Affect and Effect

Except in very specific situations, affect and effect are different in that one is a verb and the other is a noun.
Affect (v.) describes how something modifies something else.
Example: How will his lack of studying affect his grades? His grades will be affected, or changed, because he did not study.
Effect (n.) describes the outcome or result of an action or event.
Example: Having the class brainstorm before writing a test had a very good effect on the students’ grades.

A Tip

If you can replace “affect” with “change”, it is correct.
If you can replace “effect” with “result”, it is also correct!
This is because each replacement word is the same part of speech as the word it substitutes. The sentence will still make sense!

Fill in the Blanks!

  1.  _______ your dog to my office next week for another checkup.
  2.  The rain will not ________ my horse’s performance in the race.
  3.  A lack of sleep will certainly have a bad ________ on your ability to focus.
  4. Students, can you please ________ a book to school tomorrow?
  5.  Please ______ out a sheet of paper to begin the test.
  6. You should ______ the compass from your desk when you go camping.
  7.  Should the friendliness of a waiter ________ the tip you leave him?
  8.  Can I ________ my friend over for supper tomorrow?
  9.  Remember to __________ a snack if you _________ your niece to the park.
  10.  Watching too much T.V. can have a negative ________ on children.

Send me your answers, I’m happy to correct them for you.

Have a great weekend!


Note: I have adapted my 10 minute lessons from lesson plans I use with my students live online. Classes are 50 minutes long and can be done 1-1 or in small groups. For more information please visit my website or if you would like a free demo please register here.