About Scott

Hello, I am an ESL teacher and the founder of Monument English, an English school in Italy which has courses both in-class and online and where we teach students from all around the world English. Check out our website to learn more.

Phrasal verbs-work work work

Many common English idioms, phrases, and proverbs include the word work. Read through some of my favorites and see if you can follow.BeforeWorkAfterWork

Work (one’s way) into something

Meaning # 1: To slowly get into a space that is small and tight.

The glue gradually worked its way into the crack in the table

Meaning # 2: To slowly get more deeply involved in something.

Soon, I’ll work my way into my confusing new position at my job. It’s a difficult job, but I’ll get it.

Work (one’s way) through something.the-graduate

Meaning # 1: To earn money to put yourself through some kind of advanced education.

Sue worked her way through law school as a bartender.

Meaning # 2: To figure out something complicated. Confused

I worked through the detailed application process slowly.

Meaning # 3: To struggle with some emotional or physical pain.

Andy had to work through his crippling depression after his wife died.

After I broke my ankle, I had to work through six months of grueling physical therapy.

All in a day’s work. Clock. 24/7 avaliable.

Meaning: This phrase is used when describing typical or normal tasks that are to be expected in a run-of-the-mill day.

When I became a mother I knew that doing laundry and washing dishes would be all in a day’s work.

All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. Bored-office-worker

Meaning: This proverb makes it clear that it is not healthy or wise for a person to work all the time and never take the time to relax.

Wayne shouldn’t work too many overtime hours. He should remember that all work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.

Go/ run like clockwork. run-like-clockwork

Meaning: To happen exactly as planned; to progress dependably and consistently.

The subway system in Seoul, South Korea runs like clockwork.

Many hands make light work.HANDS

Meaning: This proverb tells us that if everyone helps with a large task, the project will be completed quicker and it will be easier for everyone in the long run.

Let’s all help to clean up Marsha’s house after the big party – many hands make light work, after all!

Throw a monkey wrench into the works. monkey_wrench

Meaning: To cause a problem in a plan.

When my application for a mortgage got declined, that really threw a monkey wrench into the works of my house hunting plans.

The devil finds work for idle hands. devil

Meaning: Inactive or lazy people are more likely to do things they should not.

If you’re bored, you should find something constructive to do, because the devil finds work for idle hands.

Vocabulary

Vocabulary Word

Definition

diligence persistent effort to complete a task.
gradually little by little; slowly
crippling causing injury; damaging
grueling exhausting; very tiring
dull uninteresting; causing boredom
wise wise decisions and actions are sensible and based on good judgment
dependable capable of being relied on
mortgage a loan of money to buy a home
idle not active; unemployed
constructive something that is useful
Note: I have adapted this  lesson from lesson plans I use with my students live online. Classes are 50 minutes long and can be done 1-1 or in small groups. For more information please visit my website www.monumentenglish.com

Register for a free demo

2012 in review

The WordPress.com stats helper monkeys prepared a 2012 annual report for this blog.

What a wonderful year. Thanks everybody for your help and support. And Happy 2013!

Here’s an excerpt:

600 people reached the top of Mt. Everest in 2012. This blog got about 9,000 views in 2012. If every person who reached the top of Mt. Everest viewed this blog, it would have taken 15 years to get that many views.

Click here to see the complete report.

Wish vs Hope

wish a merry xmasHello friends,
Many ESL students find it difficult to decipher the differences between hope and wish. Although these words are similar, they are used in slightly different situations. Misuse of these words can leave the student sounding awkward and unnatural.
Today’s 10 minute lesson will look at different situations in which hope and wish could be used. Our goal is for you to understand the differences and be able to use these words correctly in the future.

Wish

Wish is most commonly used in hypothetical (or imagined) situations: make a wish

I wish that I had a dog. (I don’t have a dog, but I would like to have one.)
I wish (that) you were here. (Unfortunately, you’re not, and I miss you.)
What do you wish you could change about the world?

Sometimes wish is used in greeting and expressions of goodwill:

We wish you a “Merry Christmas.”
They wished him “Happy Birthday.”
Wish me luck!

We can also use wish to express something that we would like to change or that we would like to see changed.geanie 2

I wish that you would clean your room more.
I wish that you would work less.
I wish that she were friendlier.

Hope

Hope can also be used in expressions of goodwill, but the grammar is slightly different:

I hope (that) you have a Merry Christmas. (future)
I hope (that) you had a nice Birthday. (past)

Can you use hope in a sentence to express goodwill?

Hope can be used to specify a desired outcome. For future hopes, the possibilities remain open, but for past hopes, the outcome has usually been determined already. hope

I hope you can come to the party on Saturday. (future possibility)
I was hoping that you would come to the party. (but you didn’t make it)
I had hoped to see you at the party on Saturday. (but I didn’t see you)
I hope to get an A on the exam. (it is still possible)
I hope it doesn’t rain tomorrow. (although it might)
He hopes to be elected President. (it’s possible that he will be elected)
She hoped you wouldn’t find her. (but you did)

Wish and hope are also used in certain types of requests and pleasantries. In such situations, wish carries a more definite and formal tone.

Wish is used for things we want in the present moment. Hope is used for things we want in the future.

I wish to see the doctor. (Right now)
I hope to see you again. (In the future)
I wish to speak to your manager (Here wish acts like a command)
I hope to speak to your manager. (This implies that you would like to speak to the manager, but you understand that it might not be possible).

Hope and wish can be used in similar ways but the meanings are different. cat lion

I wish I were thinner. (This means that I am not thin now, but I want to be thin now.)
I hope to be thinner. (This means that I am not as thin as I want to be, but I want to be thinner in the future.)
Notice the grammar in these sentences:
I wish I were …..
I hope to be …..
She wishes she were….
She hopes to be….

Time to practice

Fix the mistakes below. Some sentences might not need to be corrected:

I wish I speak good English.
I hope I am a manager.
I wish I am richer.
I hope to be more successful someday.
I wish you have a happy birthday!

Fill in the blank with the correct form of hope or wish.

Mary _____ she had a better job.
Jim ____ to be a professional athlete someday.
I _____ I were a better English student.
They ____ her a Merry Christmas.
We _____ that we would see her at the party.
I _____ it could have been different between us
The dog ________ that someone could play with him all day.
Bill _____to make it to the party this weekend.
Send your answers to me.

Note: I have adapted this grammar lesson from lesson plans I use with my students live online. Classes are 50 minutes long and can be done 1-1 or in small groups. For more information please visit my website www.monumentenglish.com

Register for a free demo

The future in the past

Hello friends, I thought we could start the week with a little grammar rule. Did you have to change your plans over the weekend? This is how you can express it.

Sentence construction using  “was/were going to”

I was going to eat out, but I didn’t have enough money….

There has been a change of plans….

Was there ever something you wanted to do very badly, but something else came up and prevented you from doing what you wanted to do?

What were you going to do at that time?

What changed your mind or stopped you from it?

We use “was/were going to” to describe events that were supposed to happen but didn’t.

ex.    I was going to graduate school last year, but I couldn’t leave my friends behind.

ex.    He was going to apply for this new job, but he realized that he didn’t have enough work experience for the position.

I was going to….but….

I had planned everything for last week.  I was going to go hiking on Monday, do house chores on Tuesday, have dinner with my friends on Wednesday, go fishing on Thursday, do my homework on Friday, wash my car on Saturday and sleep all day on Sunday.

However, none of these things happened because I was informed by my superior that I had to work for another week before taking my vacation.

Please complete the following….

Peter was going to find a job after graduating school….

Mary and Jack were going to get married this summer….
Josh was going to report his friend’s unlawful activity to the boss….

Of course, if you want to add more information to your statement, you can do that using other subordinating conjunctions.

ex.    I was going to go hiking yesterday but it didn’t happen because my mother was sick and I needed to take care of her.

ex.    Peter was going to go to Australia last Monday but all the flights on that day were cancelled because the weather conditions on that day were bad.

Please complete the following, and this time try to support the statement with reasons.

Eric was going to go to New York but….because….
Sam was going to throw a birthday party for his brother but….because….
Daniel was going to be promoted to manager last Tuesday but….because….
Leave your answer

Practice

1. A: Is John coming to our party?

B: He ______________________, but he _______________________ a babysitter for his children. (can’t find)

2. A: Are you cooking dinner tonight?

B: I ________________________ until the power ________________ out. (go)

3. A: Is your son going to university?

    B: He ______________________, but he ___________________ to take a year off and travel first. (decide)

4. A: Is the teacher going to stay after class?

B: He _______________________, but he ___________________ out he had a meeting to go to later. (find)

5. A: Are your friends going to sell their house?

B: They ______________________ until the real estate market ___________________. (crash)

6. A: Are you going to buy a new tablet?

B: Well, I ____________________________ buy a new iPad until I __________________ my job. (lose)

7. A: What are Scott and Victoria doing tonight?

B: They ____________________ see a film, but instead they _____________ reservations at a restaurant. (make)

8. A: Did the plumber come to fix the toilet today.

B: He _________________________ come this morning, but his truck _____________________ down. (break)

9. A: Did the children do their homework yet?

B: They ___________________________do it until Uncle Bob __________________ by for a surprise visit. (come)

10. A: Have I paid the credit card bill yet this month? I can’t remember.

B: No, you didn’t. You said you ______________________ wait until you _____________________. (get paid)

Note: I have adapted this grammar lesson from lesson plans I use with my students live online. Classes are 50 minutes long and can be done 1-1 or in small groups. For more information please visit my website www.monumentenglish.com

Register for a free demo

Idioms:Head and Hair

Head & Hair

In today’s 10 minute lesson, we are going to look at some new idioms we can use in our general conversation.

Do you know any English idioms connected with the body? In this lesson, you’re going to learn some idiomatic phrases using the head and hair.

It’s like banging your head against a brick wall.

In English, if you try to do something over and over and you never succeed, you can describe the experience as banging your head against a brick wall.

He has got his head in the clouds.

In English, if someone is always thinking about their hopes and dreams and not paying attention to the real world, we can say “he’s got his head in the clouds”.

She has her head screwed on right.

In English, if someone has very good judgment and is able to make good decisions, we say that they have their head screwed on right.

Read Sara’s story to see how the idioms are used.

Sara, Singapore

I am a journalist for a local newspaper. I’ve been working on one project recently that I’m having a hard time finishing.  Everyday I feel like I’m just banging my head against a brick wall! No matter how I write the story, I just don’t like how it sounds.  Perhaps I’m having trouble because my head has been in the clouds for the past week.  I keep imagining that I’ll be offered a promotion!  Of course, if my boss thinks that my head isn’t screwed on right, I’ll never get a promotion.  I’d better get to work!

Do you have any similar experiences to Sara’s?

I let my hair down.

In English, if you act more relaxed than you normally are and enjoy yourself, you can say that you let your hair down.

She’s always getting in my hair.

In English, if someone is bothering or annoying you, you can say that they are in your hair.

I’m tearing my hair out.

In English, if we are very anxious or upset about something we can say “I am tearing my hair out.”

Read Sean’s story to see how the idioms are used.

Last weekend, I decided to let my hair down with a couple of friends.  I was under a lot of pressure at work, and I just needed some time to relax.  Although I had fun, sometimes when I go out with my friends I just feel like tearing my hair out!  First of all, James couldn’t decide where to go, so we drove around the city for 3 hours!  Then, when we finally found a good place, Dave kept asking me for money because he had forgotten his wallet.  No matter where I went I couldn’t get him out of my hair.  In the end though, I was able to enjoy myself because, at the very least, it was better than being at work!

Try using the idioms in a sentence and send me your answers.

It’s like banging your head against a brick wall.
He has got his head in the clouds.
She has her head screwed on right.
I let my hair down.
She’s always getting in my hair.
I’m tearing my hair out.

Note: I have adapted my 10 minute lessons from lesson plans I use with my students live online. Classes are 50 minutes long and can be done 1-1 or in small groups. For more information please visit my website www.monumentenglish.com

Register for a free demo

Expressing your opinion

Hello friends,

When you are expressing your opinion, there are different lead-in phrases that show how strongly you believe what you are saying.  These phrases will qualify your statement as a personal opinion, strong opinion, general point of view, certainty, or high probability.

Expressing your personal point of view

We use these words and phrases to express a personal point of view:

žžIn my experience, people need to take a good holiday to be able to work at their full potential.
As far as I’m concerned, politicians get paid too much and do too little.
žSpeaking for myself, smokers should no longer be aloud to smoke anywhere outside of their own homes.
žPersonally, I think that the writing skills of young people are becoming poorer because of how they use mobile devices.
žI’d say that in a couple of years no one will be able to buy their own house.

A strong opinion

In my opinion, the taxation is too high and the government needs to do something about it.
ž
In my own view, the government needs to come up with better welfare policies .
ž
I strongly believe that the oil price needs to be reduced.
ž
If you ask me, I think employees should get higher benefits if their efficiency rate is high.

General point of view

We use these words and phrases to express a point of view that is generally thought by people:

It is thought that global warming is a man made problem.

Some people say that working only 30 hrs per week, will make you more productive.

žIt is considered that although technology was supposed to make our lives easier, it is in fact, busier than ever.

žIt is generally accepted that  exercising and having a healthy diet is the best way to avoid the common cold.

Certainty

According to statistics, unemployment rates have risen over the past 2 years.
—
Actually, the weather in our area is predictable.
For sure Africa is hotter than Russia.
—
Surely, cats are smarter than dogs.

High probability

I expect that they’ll show up on my birthday party tomorrow.
ž
I believe it will rain tomorrow.
ž
I doubt that it will be a nice day tomorrow, the news called for rain.
I’m pretty sure tomorrow’s going to be a sunny day.

Supporting your opinion

Once you have expressed your own opinion using a lead in phrase and a statement, you need to support your opinion and explain why  it’s your opinion. Try to use an example in your statement.

I strongly believe that the fuel price needs to be reduced. Nowadays the cost of living is really high because of the petrol price i.e food, clothing and everyday items. It’s so hard for everyday people to make ends meet. If the price of fuel and energy came down it would help everyday people.

It is generally accepted that global warming and climate change are caused by the burning of fossil fuels and other pollutants in the atmosphere. Governments are trying to find ways to stop the rise of the temperature before disaster strikes. Personally I find it hard to believe when people still doubt this and say that global warming is a natural phenomena.

You practice

žWrite out your opinion on the following topics. Remember to support your opinion with examples.
1.Vacations are necessary for your peace of  mind.
2.Is it ok for people to live together before   they get married?
3.Studying English from an early age will give   you an advantage in life.

Send your answers to me, I will correct them and send them back.
Scott
Note: I have adapted my 10 minute lessons from lesson plans I use with my students live online. Classes are 50 minutes long and can be done 1-1 or in small groups. For more information please visit my website www.monumentenglish.com

Register for a free demo

Idioms with numbers

Hello ESL friends,

Have you ever heard a native English speaker using some interesting slang or idioms to express their feelings in a conversation?
For example, have you ever heard someone says he or she is “dressed to the nines”? What do you think that means?
In today’s 10 minute lesson we will be focusing on some idioms relating to numbers that many native speakers use in their daily conversations.

At the eleventh hour 

An expression used to describe something that happens when it is almost too late, or at the last possible moment.
E.g.  John never has his project ready on time. He always leaves his work until the eleventh hour.

Dressed to the nines 

An expression used when someone is wearing very smart or glamorous clothes.
E.g. Wow! Why are you dressed to the nines? Is there a special occasion or what?

First and foremost

An expression used to state what a person considers to be more important than anything else.
E.g. I would like to give gratitude to my wonderful team first and foremost because if it wasn’t for them, this marketing plan would never have achieved such great results!

Five o’clock shadow  

An expression used to refer to the stubble on a man’s face at the end of the day when he had shaved early in the morning.
E.g. Before your date, you’d better go home and shave because that five o’clock shadow looks unattractive.

Get (or catch) forty winks

An expression used to describe a short sleep or rest, generally during the day.
E.g. He normally tries to get forty winks after lunch everyday.

One in a million

An expression used to describe something rare or unique.

E.g. Receiving a promotion within your first year at a company is really a one in a million chance

Two peas in a pod 

An expression used to say that two people are very similar.
E.g. Gina and Wendy have been two peas in a pod ever since they met in elementary school.

One-upmanship

An expression used to refer to the art of gaining and keeping the advantage over other people.
E.g. Despite the fact that his one-upmanship has made him an unpleasant man to be friends with, the success he has achieved in his career is still impressive.

Writing exercises.

If you would like to practice your writing skills, you can write answers to these questions and send your answers to me.

  1. Have you ever one-upped someone?  What did you do, and how did you feel about it?
  2. Could you and any one of your friends be considered two peas in a pod?  Tell the class why you are so close.
  3. When looking for a new job, what should be done first and foremost in your opinion?
  4. Do you find it necessary to catch forty winks before an important event (such as a meeting, party, etc.)?
  5. Have you ever done something “at the eleventh hour”? Describe it to your consultant and fellow students.
Try using the idioms you’ve learned today to talk about an interesting working experience of yours.
Getting my job was a one in a million chance.  I worked very hard to one-up all of the other applicants.  For example, I got letters of recommendation from some people who were very important in the community. I also made sure to get forty winks before I went to the interview so that I could be at my best…

That’s all for now, see you back here real soon.
Scott

Note: I have adapted my 10 minute lessons from lesson plans I use with my students live online. Classes are 50 minutes long and can be done 1-1 or in small groups. For more information please visit my website www.monumentenglish.com

Register for a free demo

Expressions with Look

Hello ESL friends!           

Welcome back! Thank you for all of your support and helpful comments, I am glad you are enjoying our 10 minute lessons.
In today’s 10 minute lesson we will continue to look at some more expressions and phrasal verbs using “look”.There are many ways to use look in phrases and expressions. So let’s get started!

What is a phrasal verb?

In the English language, a phrasal verb is a verb combined with a preposition or an adverb.

Look + up/ to/ for/ about/ into/
Verb       +         Preposition                      

What is the difference between…
Look up, Look up, to Look out? Do they mean the same thing?
If not, what do you think each of them means?

The following table illustrates some of the most common phrasal verbs formed with look.

Look up to
She has always looked up to her mother. [respect]
Look into
The police are looking into the case. [investigate]
Look for
Could you help me to look for my keys, please? [try to find]
Look back on
I look back on my childhood with nostalgia. [recall]
Look up
Look it up in the dictionary. [find information in a book]
Look forward to
I’m looking forward to starting work. [expect with pleasure]
Look out
Look out, there is a car. [take care/ be careful]

Here are some more useful phrasal verbs based on look.

They are illustrated below in a business context but they can also, of course, be based in other situations.
1.Please look through the proposal and let me know what you think. [examine]
2.I’ve looked over your memo. [examine quickly]
3.Business is looking up at last. [starting to improve]
4.When you’re in Tokyo, try to look us up. [find and visit]
5.We’re looking to Russia for an increase in our sales. [depending on]
6.The company is looking ahead to a bright future. [planning for the future]

Let’s practice.                              

What words do you need to complete the sentences below?
1. I look ____ ____ that winter with some regret.
2. She has great respect for her colleagues, she doesn’t really look ___ ___ her boss.
3. You’re going to Paris? Look ___ my sister while you’re there.
4. The CIA is looking _____ the cause of the plane crash.
5. I’m sorry to hear you lost your job. I hope things will look ____ for you soon.
6. People shouldn’t look ____ the government to solve all their problems.
7. Look ___! You almost hit that lady!

Useful expressions based on look.     

Try to look on the bright side of things. [be cheerful in spite of difficulties]
He’s beginning to look his age. [appear as old as he really is]
They’re always on the lookout for new students. [search for]
I don’t like the look of those black clouds. [What I see suggests trouble ahead]
I know she’s hiding something when she won’t look me in the eye. [look directly as someone without fear or guilt]

More useful expressions based on look.

She looks down on anyone who is not good at fashion. [regard as unimportant or socially inferior*]
It’s not much to look at but it’s comfortable. [not attractive in appearance]
The office has a new look. [a fresh and more up-to-date appearance]
Look before you leap**. [Think before you act boldly***]
————————————————————–
* – characteristic of low rank or importance
**- jump
***- fearless and daring

and more…

The authorities* sometimes look the other way when there’s corruption**. [ignore]
If you ask for a raise, you’re just looking for trouble. [try to create problems]
He must have been angry. He looked daggers*** at me. [look at someone angrily]
————————————————————————
* – government
** – lack of honesty or loyalty
***- a short knife with a pointed blade used for piercing or stabbing

Match the statements or questions on the left with the responses on the right.

Try to look on the bright side. You’d better look before you leap.
Why don’t you think she’s honest? Maybe. He’s always looking for trouble.
I’m on the lookout for a new job. It’s pretty hard under the circumstances.
You have a new look! Good luck! It’s not easy to find work.
She certainly doesn’t look her age. She never looks you in the eye.
I’m going to use my life savings to start a new company. You’d never think she’s a grandmother.
I think Rob painted graffiti on the walls Yes, I’ve changed my hair style.

Replace the underlined expressions with one of the phrasal verbs. 

1.The garden isn’t very attractive now, but it’s beautiful in the summer.
2.You’d better be careful, or someone might take advantage of you.
3.Try to remain optimistic if you possibly can.
4.Unfortunately, many people regard the homeless as inferior.
5.Have you had a chance to examine the job application?
6.She didn’t want to get involved, so she ignored the situation.

Well, maybe longer than 10 minutes, but a great way to build your vocabulary list.

See you again soon.

Scott

Note: I have adapted my 10 minute lessons from lesson plans I use with my students live online. Classes are 50 minutes long and can be done 1-1 or in small groups. For more information please visit my website www.monumentenglish.com

Register for a free demo

Expressions with Get

Welcome ESL friends! 

Today’s 10 minute lesson will focus on one of the most confusing words in the English dictionary.
There are so many ways to use get in phrases and expressions. Today we’ll look at a few of them.

Can you explain the meaning of underlined words?

I really don’t get him sometimes. His questions get me all the time. He always asks me to get him something or get him home after work. I guess it is because he is getting older. Don’t get me wrong. I like the man. You will too, once you get to know him. Oh, I think I can hear the phone ringing. I think I’d better get that.

Get is used frequently is spoken English. It has the following meanings:

 buy, receive, or obtain something, e.g. Please get me a cup of coffee.
 change one’s position- move or be moved,e.g. How are you going to get home?
 change one’s state- become or make, e.g. I feel like I am getting older.

Get also has many other specific meanings

She doesn’t get it. [understand]
His questions really get me sometimes. [annoy, irritate*]
I’ll get the phone.
You will like him, once you get to know him. [gradually begin to know]

More phrasal verbs with get

Phrasal verb Meaning Example
Get along with sb To have a good relationship with someone John gets a long with his boss very well.
Get at Reach, find I hope after talking to her, we will get at the truth.
Get away with Do something wrong without being caught Tom got away with all his mistakes by blaming someone else.
Get along manage How did we ever get along without a nanny.
Get behind Fail to produce something at the right time After being sick I got behind completing  my project.
Get by Manage financially Nowadays it’s so hard to get by on just one income
Get down Depressed I always get down on cold winter days.
Get down to Direct your attention to I think it’s time to get down to business.
Get out of Avoid responsibility Don’t try to get out of doing the dishes. It’s your turn.
Get over Recover from It took me 7 days to get over my flu.
Get through Come to a successful end Finally we are getting through all of these problems.
Get off Finish or leave What time will you get off work tonight?

You try

1.She got __________ all the interviews and was offered the job.
2.You’re still sneezing! Haven’t you gotten _______ that cold yet?
3.We get _______ only because we live very economically.
4.He doesn’t get _______ well with his coworkers. No one likes his attitude.
5.I need to work overtime. I don’t want to get ______ with the project.
6.What time are you getting ____ work tonight?

Here are some common expressions based on get 

He got out of bed on the wrong side today. [be in a bad mood]

The meeting got off to a good/ bad start. [start well/ badly]

We’re having a little get-together. I hope you all can come. [informal social meeting]

I really enjoy getting rid of useless stuff while cleaning. [throw away, destroy

I’m afraid she’s going to get back at me someday. [take revenge]

After all this discussion, we’ve gotten nowhere. [make no progress, waste time]

One more time

1.I would hate to get rid of ___________ .
2.The dinner got off to a bad start when ___________ .
3.I find it very hard to get down to __________ .
4.I wish I could get out of ____________ .
5.________ is really getting me down.

That’s all for today.

Enjoy your study.

Scott

Note: I have adapted my 10 minute lessons from lesson plans I use with my students live online. Classes are 50 minutes long and can be done 1-1 or in small groups. For more information please visit my website www.monumentenglish.com 

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Confusing words – Bring and Take

Hi ESL learners! I hope you are all well.  Here’s something for the weekend!

In this 10 minute lesson we are going to look at some errors that are so common, they often go undetected in casual conversation. However, if you are one who takes pride in knowing and using the correct words, it would be worth taking a few minutes to understand the proper use of the following two cases. In this way, you can write those résumés and business letters with confidence. Let’s get started!

Bring and Take

Bring and take both describe the action of moving something from one place to another. However, the correct use of either one depends on knowing whether you want to emphasize action towards or away from a location. The location of the speaker can also influence which word you will use.
For example,
•If the item is being moved towards the speaker’s location, the correct verb would be “bring”.
•If the item is being moved away from the speaker’s location, the correct verb is now “take”.

Examples

Bring me my jacket, please.

This sentence makes it clear that the jacket is being brought towards the speaker’s location.

I’m going to take the dog to the veterinarian’s office.

This sentence tells us that the dog is being moved away from the speaker’s current location, towards a different location (the veterinarian’s office).

Affect and Effect

Except in very specific situations, affect and effect are different in that one is a verb and the other is a noun.
Affect (v.) describes how something modifies something else.
Example: How will his lack of studying affect his grades? His grades will be affected, or changed, because he did not study.
Effect (n.) describes the outcome or result of an action or event.
Example: Having the class brainstorm before writing a test had a very good effect on the students’ grades.

A Tip

If you can replace “affect” with “change”, it is correct.
If you can replace “effect” with “result”, it is also correct!
This is because each replacement word is the same part of speech as the word it substitutes. The sentence will still make sense!

Fill in the Blanks!

  1.  _______ your dog to my office next week for another checkup.
  2.  The rain will not ________ my horse’s performance in the race.
  3.  A lack of sleep will certainly have a bad ________ on your ability to focus.
  4. Students, can you please ________ a book to school tomorrow?
  5.  Please ______ out a sheet of paper to begin the test.
  6. You should ______ the compass from your desk when you go camping.
  7.  Should the friendliness of a waiter ________ the tip you leave him?
  8.  Can I ________ my friend over for supper tomorrow?
  9.  Remember to __________ a snack if you _________ your niece to the park.
  10.  Watching too much T.V. can have a negative ________ on children.

Send me your answers, I’m happy to correct them for you.

Have a great weekend!

Scott

Note: I have adapted my 10 minute lessons from lesson plans I use with my students live online. Classes are 50 minutes long and can be done 1-1 or in small groups. For more information please visit my website www.monumentenglish.com or if you would like a free demo please register here. http://www.monumentenglish.com/register